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  • Event Category: Public Address
  • Time Limit: 10 Minutes
  • Delivery Style: Manuscript
  • Delivery Style: Extemporaneous

Informative Speaking

An informative speech is an original factual speech by the student on a realistic subject to fulfill the general aim of informing the audience. Audio-visual aids may or may not be used to supplement and reinforce the speaker"s message. Multiple sources of evidence should be used and cited during the development of the speech. Minimal notes are permitted, but memorized delivery is strongly preferred. The maximum time limit is 10 minutes.

Competitors are reminded of AFA-NIET General Rule 6-k, which states: "Coaches and/or competitors must have available at the District and National NIET tournaments copies of all interpretive and original events used at the tournaments." Further, the AFA Code of Ethics specifies that "Competitors are expected to bring to tournaments a copy of the original inclusive text along with the student"s script."

An informative speech should be an original work of the student designed to raise the information level of the audience. Thus it is essential that the speech provide new or unusual information, particularly if the topic is a familiar one. Early in the presentation, the speaker should establish some reason for providing the information to the audience. The speech should contain a variety of credible sources, appropriately cited within the speech. Visual aids, if used, should be neat, well-conceived, and effectively incorporated into the presentation without dominating the speech. Visual aids should supplement, rather than supplant the textual portions of the speech. Speakers using visual aids should insure that the visual aids are viewable to all members of the audience. No advantage should be provided to expensive or elaborate visual aids. There is no singly category of "correct" informative speaking topics, but such speeches often involve: recent scientific or technological developments, medical discoveries, newly developed theories, recently uncovered historical information or unusual aspects of familiar topics.

All principles of effective presentation should be demonstrated. The structure of the speech should include a readily identifiable introduction, body and conclusion. A memorable introduction should be followed by a clear thesis statement and an organizational preview. Clear transitions should be made between main points so that the organizational structure is cumulatively previewed and reviewed. An adequate summary should be provided, followed by a memorable conclusion. Effective language should be utilized. If the topic involves complicated or arcane subject matter, definitions of key terms should be provided. Non-verbal components should be effectively demonstrated, such as direct and communicative eye contact and good posture and poise. Gestures should be motivated, comfortable and should enhance, not distract, from the presentation. The speech should be free of lapses in memory or breaks in fluency and credit should be given for speaking without notes. Poor enunciation, incorrect grammar, or poor pronunciation should be penalized. In short, the speaker should make effective use of sound public speaking conventions. Speeches range from 8 to 10 minutes. Deviations from the time limits should be penalized according to the severity of the violation.